Russia Sharply Reduced Imports of Onions, Garlic, Cabbage and Carrots

According to EastFruit analysts, Russia continues to increase its domestic production and expand its infrastructure for the storage of basic vegetables, such as carrots, cabbage, beets and garlic. This is allowing the country to reduce its dependence on imports. In some cases, it is even becoming able to export.

In the first 11 months of 2018, onion imports to Russia fell by 52% compared with the same period in 2017 and amounted to just over 146 thousand tons. Carrot imports decreased by 10% to 155 thousand tons, and imports of all types of fresh cabbage fell by 17% to 97 thousand tons. Garlic imports decreased the least, by 8%, down to 46 thousand tons.

At the same time, Russia slightly increased its potato imports (by 2%, to 533 thousand tons). Thus, the second bread for Russians remained the most imported vegetable in terms of volume. Also worth noting is the growth of beet imports, which increased by 10%, to 41 thousand tons.

Egypt remained the main supplier of potatoes to Russia, accounting for 66% of all deliveries in the first 11 months of 2018. Potato shipments from Pakistan to Russia also increased. Russia imported carrots from Israel, China, Belarus (to a large extent re-exports from the EU, according to market participants) and Egypt. In total, these countries accounted for 91% of all shipments.

The bulk of onions on the Russian market came from China and Egypt (57%), while cabbage was supplied mainly by China and Uzbekistan (60%), as well as from Belarus, Kazakhstan and Iran.

Russia to Double Tomato Imports from Turkey, Agriculture Minister Pakdemirli says

Russia will double the quota on tomato imports from Turkey, Turkey’s Agriculture and Forestry Minister said on Saturday.

Bekir Pakdemirli was in the German capital of Berlin within the scope of the 11th Berlin Agriculture Ministers’ Conference.

Speaking to reporters at Turkish Embassy in Berlin after the conference, Pakdemirli said he negotiated the issue with his Russian counterpart.

“One of our greatest advantages is that we have increased our 50,000 tons tomato quota to 100,000 tons,” he said.

In January 2016, after Turkey downed a Russian fighter jet violating its airspace, Russia banned imports of Turkish fruits and vegetables including tomatoes, oranges, apples, apricots, cabbage, broccoli, mandarins, pears, peaches, cucumbers, plums, strawberries, onions, cloves, and poultry.

However, Russia relaxed trade sanctions placed on Turkey during the summer of 2017.

First Moldovan Apples into Russia under Duty-Free Agreement

Moldova delivered to Russia the first batch of apples under the Duty Free Trade Agreement, which was the result of negotiations between Russian President Vladimir Putin and Moldova Igor Dodon.

The removal of duties will allow Moldavian apple exporters to save $600 per truck and increase the competitiveness of fruits on the Russian market.

Presidential Adviser on the agro-industrial sector, Ion Perju, recalled that since January 1, there is a ban on transit and import of a number of commodity items from Ukraine into Russia. Products must be imported into Russia bypassing Ukraine, but the administration of Igor Dodon is already negotiating with Russian representatives.

More Than 1,100 Hectares of Apple Orchards to be Built in Stavropol Region

Agrarians of the Stavropol Territory are planning to plant 1,136 hectares of apple orchards in 2019.

As the Minister of Agriculture of the Region, Vladimir Sitnikov is quoted:  “In 2019, we are planning to lay out 1,136 hectares. We never pledged ourselves to such a big project: usually it would be 400-500 hectares per year.”

In 2018, the production of apples in the Stavropol Territory amounted to 35,000 MT, exceeding the 2017 figures by 1,000 MT. The acreage of ​​intensive and super-intensive gardens in the region is about 3,120 hectares.

Russia Abolishes Import Duties on Fruit and Vegetable Imports from Moldova

The Russian government has passed a decree on the abolition of duties on imports of Moldovan fruit and wine products in 2019, said the President of the Republic, Igor Dodon.

We are talking about vegetables, fruits (apples, cherries, plums, nectarines), canned food, grapes, wines and brandies.

The removal of duties has been possible thanks to the agreements reached earlier with the President of the Russian Federation, Vladimir Putin.

This resolution, according to Dodon, will undoubtedly contribute to a significant increase in the export of Moldovan goods to the Russian market, the creation of jobs, and an increase in revenues.

“I express my gratitude to Vladimir Vladimirovich for the support given to the Moldovan people,” said the Moldovan President on his Facebook page.

The removal of duties is especially important for Moldovan producers of apples and grapes. In 2018, due to an excessive harvest, they had to deal with a shortage of markets.

Earlier it had been reported that the Russian Federation was going to abolish customs duties on Moldovan apples, grapes, vegetables, canned goods and wines until July 1, 2019.

24% Increase in Value of Turkish Fruit and Veg Exports to Russia

According to the Association of Exporters of the Eastern Black Sea Region of Turkey (DKİB), the Republic has exported 673,222 mt of fruits and vegetables to Russia in the first 10 months of the year, which is 18 percent more than in 2017.

In monetary terms, exports have grown by 24 percent, reaching $ 465.677 million.

Most of Turkey’s fruit and vegetable exports to Russia (141,366 mt) came from the Eastern Black Sea region. In monetary terms, those exports were worth $ 100.208 million.

According to Turkish exporters, shipments in 2019 are expected to increase by at least 30%.

Sharp Drop of Moldovan Apple, Plum and Table Grape Exports to Russia

According to analysts from EastFruit, despite the record harvest of apples and plums, Moldova has sharply reduced its exports to Russia in September 2018 compared to the same month last year. Apple exports from Moldova to Russia fell by 42%, from 27.2 to 15.8 thousand MT. However, this volume still exceeded that of September 2016, when exports amounted to just 13.4 thousand MT.

As of the third week of November, Moldova still has record stocks of plums in cold storage. In September, its exports to Russia amounted to 9.3 thousand MT and were 6% lower than in the same month a year earlier.

Meanwhile, the export of table grapes dropped even more significantly, by 23.4%, down to 3 thousand MT. In the same month a year earlier, 3.9 thousand MT of table grapes were delivered from Moldova to Russia. Also, the supply of Moldovan peaches and nectarines to Russia dropped almost five times, from 527 MT to 113 MT.

It is also worth noting that the export of Moldovan pears to Russia recorded a slight increase, although the total volume remained insignificant. In September 2018, 177 MT of pears were exported.

All in all, in September, Moldova became the Russian Federation’s eighth largest fruit supplier, receiving $ 14.5 million in revenue; 23.5% less than in September 2017. Moldova’s share in Russian fruit imports fell from 6.3% in September 2017 to 5% in September 2018. A year earlier, Moldova stood fourth in this ranking, but in 2018, the country has been overcome by China, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan and Argentina.

Russian Cucumber and Gherkin Production up by 14%

The total production of cucumbers and gherkins in Russia has grown by 14%, from 1.70 million MT to 1.94 million MT , as reported by RBC, citing data from the “Analysis of the cucumber and gherkin market in Russia,” prepared by BusinesStat.

In general, for the years 2014-2016, the production of cucumbers and gherkins in both the open ground and indoors has increased annually.

Cucumbers and gherkins grown in the open ground still keep a dominant share of the total production; however, that share has been falling annually. Thus, in 2013, they accounted for 62.8% of the total volume, and in 2017 this figure had already dropped to 53.7%. The share of greenhouse vegetable products, on the contrary, has increased during the period at hand, from 37.2% of the total gross yield to 46.3%.

According to analysts at BusinesStat, in the next 4 years, production of cucumbers and gherkins in Russia will increase annually by 3.0-3.7%. By 2022, the figure will reach 2.28 million MT and exceed the level of 2017 by 17.8%. According to the forecast, the production of cucumbers and gherkins in greenhouses will grow at a higher rate than those cultivated in the open ground. In 2022, the gross harvest of cucumbers and gherkins in greenhouses will reach 53.9% of the total, while the gross harvest in the open ground will be 46.1%, respectively.

Volume of Russian Market for Organic Products is €160 Million

According to the National Organic Union of Russia, the volume of the Russian market for organic products is €160 million. And 80% of this volume comes from imports.

“The volume of the Russian market is also small and amounts to about €160 million. At the same time, Russia itself produces only slightly more than 20% of the organic products it consumes, and 80% is import. Very few organic products are imported from the EEU countries to Russia, less than 1% of the import volume,” said NOS Executive Director Oleg Mironenko at the round table discussion themed ‘Prospects for the Formation of a Unified Organic Market of the EEU: Developing Coordinated Regulatory Approaches’.

The Russian market of organic products is growing annually by about 10-15%. At the moment, Russia is actively involved in the creation of an interstate standard for all EAEU countries.

“This standard was approved and put into effect on January 1, 2018 and we had a hope that other countries will join this intergovernmental standard. Unfortunately, today we state that only Kyrgyzstan and Russia have introduced this standard in their capacity as national standards, while other countries are still in the waiting period, ” added Mironenko.

Russia Expects Record Vegetable Harvest in 2018

The Russian Ministry of Agriculture has estimated that this year will be a 10-year record with regard to the vegetable harvest. The Ministry Press Service stated that by the end of 2018, Russia will produce one million MT of greenhouse vegetables. This will be an increase of 12.3 percent compared to last year, Izvestia reported.

The increase in yields, as stated by the Ministry of Agriculture, is linked to the introduction of new and modernized winter greenhouses. This was made possible by investments, credits and the reimbursement of their construction costs by the state.

Experts believe that a bumper harvest will not affect the prices of the domestic products. The Ministry of Agriculture plans to increase the production of greenhouse vegetables to 1.5 million MT by 2024.

As of October 30, 2018, the gross yield of greenhouse vegetable crops in Russia amounted to 820.1 thousand tons, which is 25.7% more than in the same period of 2017. This has been reported by the press service of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation, according to “APK-Inform: vegetables and fruits.”

The Ministry’s report reveals that the cucumber production reached 496.8 thousand tons by October 30, which is 15% more than on the same date of the previous year. At the same time, the tomato production exceeded last year’s figures by 47% and amounted to 310 thousand tons. Lastly, the production volume of the remaining vegetable crops reached 13 thousand tons, and this is 30% more than on the same date a year ago.